Waste Policy Framework

In Québec, the government adopted a framework EPR regulation that came into force on July 14, 2011.Province-Wide Diversion Programs include a mixed approach with some EPR, shared responsibility, and product stewardship.

Legislated EPR Programs:

  • Electronics and cell phones
  • Automotive – used oil, oil containers and/or filters, glycol

Voluntary programs

  • HHSW – pesticides/fertilizers and containers

Shared Responsibility

  • Packaging and Printed Paper (PPP)
  • Packaging – milk containers

Product Stewardship Programs

  • Packaging – beverage containers
  • Automotive tires

Diversion Rates

All materials diverted


White goods








Construction, renovation and demolition


Other materials


Energy Recovery from Waste Approach

There is one large EFW facility in QC, the Kativik. The Regional Government is planning on conducting a feasibility study for a small scale incinerator for the north. Quebec’s landfill and incineration regulation specifically includes technology designed for smaller EFW facilities. Criteria under development for EFW incinerators, pyrolysis chambers, gasifiers, plasma ovens, industrial ovens, and boilers.

Plastic Bans and Policies


Montreal became the first major Canadian city to ban retailers from using single-use plastic bags on January 1st 2018. The bylaw targets the thin, single-use plastic bags usually used by grocery stores. 


On November 5, 2019, the Sainte-Sophie municipal council adopted by-law 1283-2019 prohibiting the distribution of certain single-use bags throughout its territory.

Val Saint-François

MRC du Val-Saint-François has adopted new regulations banning the distribution of plastic bags throughout its territory. Businesses in the region’s 18 municipalities will no longer be able to distribute or sell single-use plastic bags. Citizens will be invited to take part in the movement by bringing their reusable bags to shop in the various businesses in the region.